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Serotonin(2C) receptors tonically suppress the activity of mesocortical dopaminergic and adrenergic, but not serotonergic, pathways: a combined dialysis and electrophysiological analysis in the rat.

Gobert A, Rivet JM, Lejeune F, Newman-Tancredi A, Adhumeau-Auclair A, Nicolas JP, Cistarelli L, Melon C, Millan MJ.
Synapse. 2000 Jun 1;36(3):205-21.

The present study evaluated, via a combined electrophysiological and dialysis approach, the potential influence of serotonin (5-HT)(2C) as compared to 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(2B) receptors on dopaminergic, adrenergic, and serotonergic transmission in frontal cortex (FCX). Whereas the selective 5-HT(2A) antagonist MDL100,907 failed to modify extracellular levels of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA) or 5-HT simultaneously quantified in single dialysate samples of freely-moving rats, the 5-HT(2B)/5-HT(2C) antagonist SB206,553 dose-dependently increased levels of DA and NA without affecting those of 5-HT. This action was attributable to 5-HT(2C) receptor blockade inasmuch as the selective 5-HT(2C) antagonist SB242,084 likewise increased FCX levels of DA and NA, whereas the selective 5-HT(2B) antagonist SB204,741 was ineffective. Further, the preferential 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist Ro60-0175 dose-dependently depressed FCX levels of DA. The suppressive influence of 5-HT(2C) receptors on DA release was also expressed on mesolimbic and nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathways, in that levels of DA in nucleus accumbens and striatum were likewise reduced by Ro60-0175 and elevated, though less markedly, by SB206,553. In line with the above findings, Ro60-0175 dose-dependently decreased the firing rate of ventrotegmental dopaminergic and locus coeruleus (LC) adrenergic perikarya, whereas their activity was dose-dependently enhanced by SB206,553. Furthermore, SB206,553 transformed the firing pattern of ventrotegmental dopaminergic neurons into a burst mode. In contrast to SB206,553, MDL100,907 had little affect on the firing rate of dopaminergic or adrenergic neurons. In conclusion, as compared to 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(2B) receptors, 5-HT(2C) receptors exert a tonic, suppressive influence on the activity of mesocortical - as well as mesolimbic and nigrostriatal - dopaminergic pathways, likely via indirect actions expressed at the level of their cell bodies. Frontocortical adrenergic, but not serotonergic, transmission is also tonically suppressed by 5-HT(2C) receptors.